The fungal infection that most frequently affect the fingernails and toenails are caused by yeast called dermatophytes.
The symptoms are: the nail detaches from the bed, yellow spots of white creamy appearance appear. Over time you may see a green pigment on the result of bacterial colonization. The base of the nail becomes red and painful. It can actually appear first in one nail and then spread to others. And work in wet environments may promote chronic disease.
There are five categories:
- Distal and lateral onychomycosis
Most common causes: Trichphyton rubrum, T interdigitale, T.schoenleinii, Candida albicans, C.parapsilosis, Scopulaiopsis brevicaulis and Hendersonula toruloidea.
- Superficial white onychomycosis
Most common causes: T.interdigitale, C albicans, Acremonium and Fusarium spp.
- Superficial black onychomycosis
Most common causes: Scytalidium dimidiatum, T.rubrum.
- Proximal white onychomycosis
Most common causes: T rubrum, T.megnini, and E. T.scholeinii floccosum.
- Total Dystrophic Onychomycosis.
First of all maintain rigorous hygiene in order to prevent the proliferation of fungus and bacteria. Wash your hands and feet at least 2 times a day and dry them properly. It is convenient to use proper shoes and socks to facilitate transpiration and ventilation, and change them often avoiding excessive sweating and moisture of the feet. Perform a manicure at least once a week, this will provide adequate monitoring of allowing nails to correct deformities and improve its appearance.